Posted on Apr 01, 2020
The use of coolant in industry is a pretty common thing for temperature control in many fields especially in the metal cutting machineries. For a work piece to be cut, after the precision clamp to be done, cutters work together with the cutting fluids to process the whole procedure since only with the working temperature to be controlled, along with the work piece temperature, the tolerance is to be managed well. Coolant and lubrication fluid are both important liquids to metal working industry that lathe machines, milling centers, grinders, boring machineries, and other machineries all need those lubrication for their standard machining process.
Still, in the cutting industry, lubricant, coolant, and many other cutting liquids are necessary components for machine tool users to prepare when they are conducting a machining task, as we know that cutting metal would naturally leads to many frictions, chips, and heat issues. Therefore, those liquids and metal particles always spread over into the air in the working area, causing great contamination to workers in the manufacturing plant and that is a serious occupational safety hazard. Therefore, how to deal with those liquid and metal chips as well as all those particles becomes a serious topic since the 1980s in the US market. Besides, there are also many other contaminations in the machine tool factory that cause health issues more than the spreading liquid and metal chips do, such as gas, oils, waste air emissions by the engines and starters, and so on and so forth. Those emissions together would cause severe chronicle occupational injuries to onsite operators that will last permanent.
As a result, a powerful coolant pump is a must have for machine tool suppliers and oil mist cleaner manufacturers, so that a powerful pump unit is so important for the production line to operate in order to foster an ideal working environment. A pump, by definition, is equipment that moves fluids-state substance by its mechanical action. Classically, pumps can be categorized into three major types based on the method those pumps exploited to move the target fluids. These three types are determined by the way they move fluids, and there are direct lift, displacement, and gravity methods. That is, there are direct lift pump, displacement pump, and gravity pump. Pumps are typically operated by either typically reciprocating or rotary mechanism, and consume energy to perform mechanical work moving the fluid-state substance.
In addition, mechanical pumps can also be submerged in the fluid in which they are pumping or be placed external to the fluid. Pumps can be categorized by their method of displacement into positive displacement pumps, impulse pumps, velocity pumps, gravity pumps, steam pumps and valve-less pumps. Besides, there are two basic types of pumps, that is, positive displacement and centrifugal. Broadly speaking, pumps can operate through many power sources, such as manpower’s’ manual operation, electricity, engines, or even wind power. In a general point of view in the industry, pumps can operate through many power sources as mentioned, while those energy sources can be a wide variety of equipment which comes in any sizes, from microscopic for use in medical applications to large industrial pumps for waterworks, or ordinary size industrial pump for machine tool coolant transmission as well as cutting liquids.